Nothing quite creates the “wow effect” in a garden like Lupines. The Lupinus Westcountry Series varieties are a truly remarkable group featuring distinct, never seen before colors. They thrive especially well in well-drained, slightly acid soils of the Pacific Northwest. Similarly, they prosper in mountainous regions of the US where days are sunny and warm, but nights are cool. In warmer, more humid southern regions, plants do best as showy container plants for garden accents. Comes to Must Have Perennials from Sarah Conibear, Westcountry Nurseries, United Kingdom. Read her story on the history of development of these stately flowers in the May 2018 issue of The English Garden magazine.
Lupinus Westcountry Series hybrids are strong stemmed and shouldn’t need staking like their seed-propagated cousins. Deadhead flowers after faded—a second flush might appear in late summer.
*Editorial Note: In North America, the common name is spelled “Lupine”, whereas in the United Kingdom and Europe, it is spelled “Lupin”. However both spellings are pronounced the same: “LOO-pin”.
Uses & Attributes
Garden Borders, Containers, Butterfly and Bee-Friendly, Deer and Rabbit Resistant
Growing & Marketing Advice
Transplant liners or plugs in late summer or fall into well drained media, pH 5.8 to 6.2. Plant one Westcountry Lupines liner per 2 -gallon pot.
Build a strong root system in 6 to 8 weeks. Grow Lupines at 55ºF to 75ºF (13ºC to 24ºC). Provide bright light and plenty of air flow. In a two- or three-day rhythmic pattern, manage soil moisture between levels 2 to 4. Use low to moderate fertilizer rates. Lupines respond to plant growth regulators, weekly if needed.
Control disease with appropriate irrigation routines, low humidity and preventive fungicides. Lupines are susceptible to Colletotrichum (anthracnose) and typical root rots as well as alternaria leaf spot and mildew. Before vernalization, apply a final fungicide drench.
Vernalize for six weeks below 45ºF (7ºC) to promote uniform flowering. Lupines have a tap root that can sustain the plant, so irrigate only when soil moisture is quite dry (level 1-2).
Shortcuts: Save months of production expense by transplanting vernalized liners in February or March. Plants will be more compact with smaller and fewer flowers.
Tall Flowers are produced in 10 to 12 weeks when temperatures warm to 55ºF to 75ºF (13ºC to 24ºC) in spring. Manage soil moisture strictly and use preventive fungicides. Spray plant growth regulators in tight pot culture.
Also see this culture guide from Beth Gulley, of Gulley Greenhouse, Inc—one of our licensed propagators for this crop.
Habit: Upright clumps. See chart below for guide to relative mature garden size and height in flower. Actual size and height may vary by locale.
Light: Full Sun/Part Shade
USDA Hardiness Zones: 4-8
Blooming time: Late Spring to Early Summer. Relative appearance of flowers within this time by variety is listed as "Season" in chart below.
Foliage Color: Soft, gray-green
|VARIETY||PLANT BREEDERS RIGHTS||FLOWER COLOR||HEIGHT||SPREAD||SPACING||SEASON|
|'Blacksmith'||USPP# 29943||bicolor dark purple and white||36"/91cm||24-30"/61-76cm||24“/61cm||mid|
|'Desert Sun'||USPP# 23073||yellow||36"/91cm||24-30"/61-76cm||24“/61cm||early|
|'Magic Lantern'||USPP# 29860||bicolor dark purple and yellow||30"/76cm||24-30"/61-76cm||24“/61cm||early-mid|
|'Manhattan Lights'||USPP# 18868||bicolor purple and yellow||36"/76cm||24-30"/61-76cm||24“/61cm||mid|
|'Persian Slipper'||USPP# 18733||dusty periwinkle blue||36"/91cm||24-30"/61-76cm||24“/61cm||early|
|'Rachel de Thame'||USPP# 29833||bicolor pink and white||36"/91cm||24-30"/61-76cm||24“/61cm||late|
|'Red Rum'||USPP # 18709||red||36"/91cm||24-30"/61-76cm||24“/61cm||early|
|Tequila Flame'||USPP# 23047||bicolor red and yellow||30"/76cm||24-30"/61-76cm||24“/61cm||late|
|'Terracotta'||USPP# 23044||bicolor peach and yellow||36"/91cm||24-30"/61-76cm||24“/61cm||early|